The quick pace of the advancement in science and technology has developed animation. Phenakistoscope was a technique created before the creation of the cartoon based pictures. Phenakistoscope included simple drawings moving simultaneously giving the effect of animation. With this method, a person could create a variety of animated characters. However, this technique disappeared towards the end of twenty first century. New methods were introduced which resulted in the advancement of cartoon based pictures. Gradually animation advanced to greater heights and now several professional fields use this technique to impart knowledge or express ideas.
With the introduction of computer animation, many pictures or films have been created with great visual effects. There were many types of cartoon pictures that evolved with the advancement of computer technology. The modified computer technology and the development of software boosted the growth of the cartoon industry. Two-dimensional computer graphics developed which refers to the digital images generated by computer. This kind of graphics has been developed from traditional printing. These graphics give more control over the image. The two-dimensional graphics was introduced in 1950s. Then computer technology introduced 3D animation in 1970s with the first display of computer graphics Furtureworld. William Fetter coined the term computer graphics in 1960. These graphics are technologically more advanced and use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data. This form of cartoon based pictures has undergone tremendous change over the years. Many tools and techniques have developed and modified animation. There is cel-shaded or toon shading graphics that designs the animation to give an impression of cartoon characters. In morph target, the vertex moves to different positions in each key frame. Skeletal graphics is used to create the human characters in cartoon. This form is often used by gaming or film industry. These are a few most advanced categories of animation which are useful for a variety of professions. It is used in corporate sector for making presentations and reports. Gaming and film industry has evolved greatly over the years. In naval field, it is used for preparing models of ships. In medical field or astronomy, it is used for explaining different concepts and techniques.